Cryptocurrencies and anarchism new libertarian flag, to give a definition of anarchism has always been problematic. The anarchist movement has acted and preached in a heterogeneous and sometimes even contradictory way throughout history. It may be this same itinerant character, that of evolution over time and not remain immobile, which makes anarchism so resistant to definitions, so reluctant to limits. The truth is that, in the multiplicity of faces he has taken, anarchism has persisted in fundamental values that amalgamate and give meaning to all libertarian thought: anti-authoritarianism and freedom. Today these values take the face of the Internet, blockchain and cryptanarquism, as the anarchist movement with the greatest repercussion in history.
The essential human element of anarchism is freedom. All the great thinkers have had in common the desire to end the authoritarian exercise of power to make way for more free forms of coexistence. At the center of anarchism has eternally been a dialectic between Thanatos and Eros, between destruction and creation, whose only synopsis is freedom.
Of course, history shows us that the objectives of these movements of State dissolution and of irruption in the vertical relations of command and obedience, have not been achieved except in very short time lapses. There are many causes that could be used to justify why this has happened: from the exercise of force by the repressive organs of the State, to the difficulty of exercising self-government in the numerous human societies. The certain thing is that this apparent impossibility has decided in which the anarchism was relegated contemptuously to the scope of the utopias, a semantic space that without a doubt has derived in repeated ambiguities.
Since the end of the 20th century and even more so in our days, the good non-place of anarchism -within its permanent dynamism that makes it mutate through time to protect the flag of freedom- has found space beyond the tangible, being consistent with its utopian character and with its titanic will that overflows any type of limit or definition. This space is Internet, eu-topos that escapes national borders, which allows us to bypass State control devices (although it also facilitates its activity as it happens in social networks) and, in some cases more than others, makes it possible to organize and resistance to power. And those who have given themselves to the task of spreading the possibilities of resistance to authoritarianism on the Internet gave themselves the name of cryptanarchists.
The term cryptanarquism was coined by the electronic engineer and cryptographic activist Timothy May 1988 in the so-called Cryptanarchist Manifesto, where he expresses his ideas of rebellion through the tools provided by the Internet and cryptography.
Cryptocurrencies and anarchy
The Cryptanarchist Declare, together with the mailing list of the cypherpunks, laid the foundations for the further development of blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies. It was from these properties that important figures such as Wei Dai and Hal Finney – the creator of the first digital money experiment and the recipient of the Bitcoin White Paper, respectively – gave their contributions to the construction of a freer society and a more decentralized cyberspace. .
It is precisely from this community that Bitcoin is born, cryptocurrencies and, consequently, blockchain technology. In general the elements that determine cryptanarquism, lists of May: encryption, digital money, anonymous networks, digital pseudonyms, zero knowledge (anonymity test currently used in cryptocurrencies such as Zcash), reputations, information markets, black markets, collapse of governments. All this was already swarming on the Internet in 1988. 21 years later, Satoshi Nakamoto opens the way to finalize these proposals with the extraction of the Bitcoin gene block.In the Cyphernomicon, another of the texts written by May for the e-mail list of cypherpunks, delves into his ideas about cryptanarquism and the scope of the movement:
Today, almost 30 years after its publication, May’s words sound almost prophetic. Although since the launch of Bitcoin in 2009 -whose main target of attack were banks- the direction taken by the community has deviated to a certain extent from the original values of this technology, and today we are witnessing the inevitability of change that introduce cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology to the economy and social interactions. Nakamoto and May are now part of that lineage of thinkers who devoted their efforts to ending the authoritarian exercise of power to make way for more free societies.
The cryptocurrencies gave the individuals the possibility of issuing their own money freely and disintermediated. If it is wisely implemented, the blockchain technology, in its range of possibilities, could not only limit the power of the State, but make it obsolete. The true potential of a decentralized network of peer exchanges is often underestimated.
However, it is still uncertain what will be the final impact that this technology will have on society. Banks and legislatures of the world oppose their swap by embracing blockchain for their inward procedures, and there are even nations that have chosen to dispatch their own particular State digital forms of money with an end goal to keep up control over the issuance of cash and inflationary choices.
Notwithstanding this vulnerability, the significance that cryptanarquism has and will have as an indication of the variety of appearances of the rebel development in history is undoubted. The formation of digital currencies and blockchain is the most imperative effect that any libertarian development has had on the planet, both as far as profundity and degree. And keeping in mind that it might be that the moral political sense beginning from blockchain and cryptographic forms of money is overlooked as innovation ends up noticeably gigantic, it will dependably be fortunate to have indications of where this innovation truly roots.
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